Imbalance in Education and Job Prospects

How many mechanical or chemical engineers do you know? Where do they work and in which post? As mechanical engineers or as IT trainees or are they at home preparing to clear a competitive exam? In our country, the number of literate people go up year after year and thus unemployment increases. Every day there are new educational institutes being established and yet there seems to be a lack of skills which might be responsible for the current scenario of unemployment. Where is it that we are going wrong?

Education cultivates skills and skills empower individuals in job prospects. So, is the current mass of unemployment a result of the incapabilities of educational institutions? Or is it because the skills developed through education institutions are in no way related to the jobs available in the market? With uniform and world class standards employed in most institutes in India and facilities growing every day, one could hardly suspect the incapabilities of educational institutes. On the other hand, if we go deep into the education system and analyse it with regards to the current job markets, we would be able to guess a reasonable solution for this unfortunate instability of employment.

For instance, let’s take a look at an engineering university since now a days engineering has become a must go for educational standards to be called literate. The courses offered at the Universities range from Aerospace, Biological, civil, chemical, computer science, electrical engineering , mechanical engineering and much more. All the courses have around equal number of students. Yet, the job opportunities for IT and electrical students has been increasing at a regular basis whereas the opportunities for other branches have been at the same level for decades. So with an increasing job market in particular branches, isn’t it necessary to increase the seats of certain branches and reduce the seats of some others? Unfortunately it doesn’t work that way in our country. We produce equal number of mechanical engineers and IT professionals every year. Most basic law of economics states that demand should be met with supply. Demand of more IT professionals has been met with other professionals entering the IT sector.

Why do our educational institutions need to produce so many professionals of different departments when most of them end up working in an IT sector because of the job market? It would be better for educational institutions to train more number of students in the currently blooming field of computer science and electronics and reduce the seats in the other departments to meet the current needs of the industry in India. This will improve the IT sectors in India and also will result in reduction of unemployment since most of the unemployed fresh graduates are from non IT sectors. Moreover, this will reduce the industry’s job of hiring a non IT professional who has been trained for skills that are completely irrelevant from the IT or computer science background and providing him/her months of training in the IT field. This will indeed increase the efficiency of industries.

This discrepancy between demands of industry and supply of educational institutes also plays a major role in losing talented young brains of the nation. For instance, even in IIT, the best engineering college in the nation, most of the students studying in the branches outside computer science and electrical engineering, wanting to make use of the 4 years of education they received, go abroad for higher studies to find a job and increase their career prospects in their core engineering field because of the lack of opportunities in India in their core field. This can be significantly reduced if a larger number of students are trained in the profession where there is room for a lot of research and development in India.

It is the duty of every educational institution to dynamically respond to the demands of industries and train students accordingly. This is one perspective of the imbalance of education and jobs in India. When such issues are addressed, it will result in a balance between education and job prospects. When such balance occurs, it will result in a reduction of unemployment and will thus contribute to the true development of the nation.

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