Artificial Intelligence— Modern Age Evolution

Cognitive science is thought to be an interdisciplinary study of mind and intelligence. As we begin to link human and artificial intelligence, it is seen that the central hypothesis of cognitive science lies in the theory of representation and computation. A connection is made between the representational structures of the mind and the computational procedures.

It is based on the assumption that there exist mental representations in the mind (in the form of logical propositions, rules, concepts, images, and analogies) that are analogous to computer data structures (which uses mental procedures such as deduction, search, matching, rotating, and retrieval). Some theories introduce ‘brain’ in this mind-computer analogy by rendering it in a three-way system. Neurons in the brain can be compared to data structures with their firing, synapses and active transmission of information from one nerve ending to the next. This is seen as a model for algorithms in the field of artificial intelligence.

This can be considered true to a certain extent when a purely biological approach is taken, because, if animal cognition can open avenues for understanding human cognition, there is certainly a possibility of formulating artificial intelligence too, which is a mere product of the human mind itself.

Animal Cognition examines behaviour and responses in animals. Such work is described by the term ‘Comparative Cognition’. As the name suggests, it refers to a comparison between the processes and underlying behaviour of species and humans. With research focusing on learning, memory, perception, and decision-making, another question that arises is this. With several similarities in brain structure and functions, do animals like humans, think and reflect? Is there a room for consciousness of thought and action or is it mere survival instinct that plays a greater role as compared to other less essential thought processes? Emotion definitely exists in some form, but do advanced thought and a sense of reason exist? Or is it exclusive to the vast complexities of human mind which is far more developed and ‘structured’?

There lies another argument which perceives artificial intelligence, a more advanced duplication of the human mind itself. Therefore, any analogy between the brain’s act of processing and that of computers is ultimately a product of the mind itself. This is where the similarities between the functioning of the human brain and the artificial system arise from. However, A.I. has been devised by the same brain and can, in a way be seen a larger manifestation through introduction of codes and techniques. The only difference exists in the capacity for thought, reflection and emotions which remain exclusive to humans or to the animal stream of thought. Also, Artificial intelligence is more streamlined towards the immediate processing of data and information which has now advanced to a much higher level.

Today, artificial intelligence has started working on researches and estimates for the future. It even goes to an extent of being a forerunner in driving international relations. A recent article in Forbes mentions that humanity may soon evolve itself through Artificial Intelligence. A.I has created a world where the upcoming year will seem like a passing of decades. While the past two decades of the 21st century have seen millennials evolving technology and working towards tremendous growth in the ever-expanding virtual world, the foremost question on everybody’s minds is what does the future hold. To what extent will technology evolve and take over our race seems both a point of worry and curiosity, seeing how far we’ve already come.

New York Times bestselling author and founder of X Prize Foundation, Peter Diamandis talks about how humans are witnessing an evolution of intelligence. He states, “We’re going from Darwinism evolution by natural selection to evolution by human direction.” He predicts that imaginative human creativity coupled with technological innovation, will even lead to an evolution in the way we think and relate to each other. Many people therefore, consider it inexplicable –that over the years of the evolution, perhaps, humans might witness an evolution of evolution. The question that remains is how it will eventually unfold. This can only be explained as humans walk into the dawn of a new future, driven by man.

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